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Indigenous Education Sources: Treaties

Indigenous Education (IE@nc)


Traditional Acknowledgement

Aanii, Sago, Boozhoo, Waachey, Tansi,

Hello / Greetings!

Niagara College acknowledges the land on which we gather is the traditional territory of the Haudenosaunee and Anishinaabe peoples, many of whom continue to live and work here today. This territory is covered by the Upper Canada Treaties and is within the land protected by the Dish With One Spoon Wampum agreement. Today this gathering place is home to many First Nations, Métis, and Inuit peoples and acknowledging reminds us that our great standard of living is directly related to the resources and friendship of Indigenous peoples.

Indigenous Education Mission

Our mission is to provide academic and culture support, in a culturally sensitive manner, and encourage Indigenous student success. For more information about our supports for Indigenous students as well as upcoming on-campus events, please visit our website.

Treaty Recognition Week - November 2 - 6, 2020

Treaties Recognition Week 2020 | Human Rights, Equity and Inclusion |  University of Waterloo

Printable Treaty Resources

  • Printable resources including - A word-search, crossword puzzle and a treaties in Ontario map colouring page will be available to use and learn about treaties in a fun and interactive way

Treaty Recognition Week





Ontario is the first province in Canada to legislate the observance of an annual Treaties Recognition Week, demonstrating the continuing significance of the treaty relationship in Ontario. This year marks the fifth annual Treaties Recognition Week in Ontario, which runs from November 2 to 6.

Why Ontario marks Treaties Recognition Week:

  • Treaties Recognition Week is an opportunity for all Ontarians, especially students, to gain a better understanding of treaties and treaty relationships, and how they have shaped the province.
  • Ontario as we know it today exists because of treaties – they underpin the places where we live, work and learn.
  • The government believes in honouring the principles of truth and reconciliation, and providing opportunities for the people of Ontario to do the same.
  • Treaties Recognition Week responds to the Truth and Reconciliation Commission’s Calls to Action to increase treaty awareness.

Treaty Recognition Week - November 2 - 6, 2020

Library Resources about Treaties

National Film Board - Trick or Treaty?

Treaty Resources available from the Ontario Library Association

Treaties in Ontario

First Nations were the original occupants of this land we call Ontario. Our shared history begins around 400 years ago, when Europeans first arrived.

Treaties between the British Crown (government) and Indigenous peoples were negotiated and signed with the intent of delivering mutual benefits. They signed as independent, self-governing nations.

Despite the promise of early treaties and the respectful partnerships they established, Indigenous Peoples were targeted by colonial policies designed to exploit, assimilate and eradicate them.

Today, the Ontario government recognizes the wrongs of previous generations. The Journey Together plan outlines Ontario’s commitment to changing the future by rebuilding relationships based on trust and respect.

Part of that commitment includes educating Ontarians about the role treaties play in each of our lives and in our relationships with each other. Though they were signed more than a century ago, treaty commitments are just as valid today as they were then. Every Ontarian is a treaty person.

Ontario is covered by 46 treaties and other agreements.

(information taken from https://www.ontario.ca/page/treaties)

Learn more about the treaties, treaty relationships and treaty rights that shape Ontario


Wampums are visual memory keepers that help record history and communicate ideas. Beaded patterns represent a person, nation, event, invitation, shared values and understandings/agreements between two or more parties.  Traditional wampum belts were used as covenants and petitions for understanding. Words spoken during an agreement are made into wampum to be used for ceremony, teaching, and reminders of law and values.


Dish With One Spoon Wampum belt

The dish is graphically represented by the wampum pictured.

The “Dish” or sometimes it is called the “Bowl” represents what is now southern Ontario (from the Great Lakes to Quebec and from Lake Simcoe into the U.S.).  We all eat out of the Dish – all of us that share this territory – with only one spoon. That means we have to share the responsibility of ensuring the dish is never empty; which includes, taking care of the land and the creatures we share it with. Importantly, there are no knives at the table, representing that we must keep the peace.

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