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1. Consider the Source: Click away from the story to investigate the site, its mission and its contact info.
2. Check the Author: Do a quick search on the author? Are they credible? Are they real?
3. Check the Date: Reposting old news stories doesn't mean they're relevant to current events.
4. Check your Biases: Consider if your own beliefs could affect your judgements.
5. Read Beyond: Headlines can be outrageous in an effort to get clicks. What's the whole story?
6. Supporting Sources: Click on those links. Determine if the info given actually supports the story.
7. Is it a Joke?: If it is too outlandish, it might be satire. Research the site and the author to be sure.
8. Ask the Experts: Ask a librarian, or consult a fact-checking website.
According to UNESCO's handbook Journalism: 'Fake News' and Disinformation "fake news" can be viewed as either one of three phenomena:
Misinformation, Disinformation, and Malinformation are part of a wider concept known as "information disorder," which consists of 7 narratives that compete with truthful journalism. These narratives are:
Did you know?
Besides being untrue, there are several real-world reasons to care about the dissemination of "fake news" (aka misinformation and disinformation). These reasons include:
Try your hand at identifying fake news: