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Citation + Plagiarism

The "Reference List" contains the full bibliographic information for your in-text citations. An example of a reference list for IEEE citation style can be found on the University of Victoria's (Melbourne, Australia) library website.

See the IEEE Reference Guide for sources not listed here, and the Chicago Manual of Style for sources not found in the IEEE Reference Guide.

Book

Basic Format:

[1] J.K. Author, Title of Published Book, xth ed. City of Publisher, (only U.S. State), Country: Abbrev. of Publisher, year.

Example:

[1] R. Gasch, Wind Power Plants: Fundamentals, Design, Construction and Operation. Berlin, Germany: Solarpraxis AG, 2002.

Chapter in a Book

Basic Format:

[2] J.K. Author, "Title of chapter in the book," in Title of Published Book, xth ed. City of Publisher, (only U.S. State), Country: Abbrev. of Publisher, year, ch. x, sec.x, pp.xxx-xxx.

Example:

[2] M.O.L. Hansen, “General introduction to wind turbines,” in Aerodynamics of Wind Turbines, 2nd ed. Sterling, VA, USA: Earthscan, 2008, ch.1, pp. 1-6.

eBook

Basic Format:

[3] J.K. Author, Title of Published Book, xth ed. City of Publisher, (only U.S. State), Country: Abbrev. of Publisher, year. [Online]. Available: http://www.web.com

Example:

[3] A.V. Da Rosa, Fundamentals of Renewable Energy Processes. Amsterdam, Netherlands: Academic Press, 2005. [Online]. Available: https://login.proxy.library.niagarac.on.ca/login?url=https://search-ebscohost-com.proxy.library.niagarac.on.ca/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=url,cookie,ip,uid&db=e000xna&AN=196104&scope=site

Print Periodical

Basic Format:

[1] J.K. Author, "Name of paper," Abbrev. Title of Periodical, vol. x, no.x, pp. xxx-xxx, Abbrev. Month, year.

Example:

[1] K. Marvel, B. Kravitz and K. Caldeira, "Geophysical limits to global wind power," Nature Climate Change, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 118-121, Feb. 2013.

Online Periodical

Basic Format:

[2] J.K. Author, "Name of paper," Abbrev. Title of Periodical, vol. x, no. x, pp. xxx-xxx, Abbrev. Month, year. Accessed: Month, Day, Year, doi: 10.1109.XXX.123456, [Online]. Available: site/path/file

Example:

[2] K. Marvel, B. Kravitz and K. Caldeira, "Geophysical limits to global wind power," Nature Climate Change, vol. 3, no. 2, pp.118-121, Feb. 2013. Accessed: Jan. 1, 2017, doi: 10.1038/nclimate1683, [Online]. Available: https://login.proxy.library.niagarac.on.ca/login?url=https://search-ebscohost-com.proxy.library.niagarac.on.ca/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=url,cookie,ip,uid&db=e000xna&AN=196104&scope=site

Website

Basic Format:

[1] First Name Initial(s) Last Name. "Page Title." Website Title. Web Address (retrieved Date Accessed).

Example:

[1] ncLibraries."Borrow items from ncLibraries." ncLibraries and Learning Commons. https://nclibraries.niagaracollege.ca/library/ncborrow (accessed Apr. 15, 2019).

YouTube Video

Basic Format:

[2] Video Owner/Creator, Location (if available). Title of Video: In Initial Caps. (Release date). Accessed: Month Day, Year. [Online Video]. Available: url

Example:

[2] ncLibraries. What is a Library Database? (May 24, 2018). Accessed: Apr. 15, 2019. [Online Video]. Available: https://youtu.be/f4IDtk9kepI

Government Documents (U.S.)

Basic Format:

[1] Legislative body. Number of Congress, Session. (year, month day). Number of bill or resolution, Title. [Type of medium]. Available: site/path/file

Handbooks

Basic Format:

[2] Name of Manual/Handbook, x ed., Abbrev.Name of Co., City of Co., Abbrev. State, year pp. xxx-xxx.

Lecture Notes

Basic Format:

[3] J.K. Author. (Year). Title of lecture [Type of Medium]. Available: URL

Reports

Basic Format:

[4] J.K. Author, "Title of report," Abbrev. Name of Co., City of Co., Abbrev. State, Country, Rep. xxx, year.

Standards

Basic Format:

[5] Title of Standard, Standard number, date.

One Author

Basic Format:

A.B. Author ...

Example:

D.J. Gunkel, The Machine Question: Critical Perspectives on AI, Robots, and Ethics. Cambridge, MA, USA: MIT Press, 2012.

Two Authors

Basic Format:

A.B. Author and C.D. Author …

Example:

D. Rus and M.T. Tolley, “Design, fabrication and control of soft robots,” Nature, vol. 521, no. 7553, May, 2015, doi: 10.1177/0278364915587925.

Three to Five Authors

Basic Format:

A. B. Author, C.D. Author and E.F. Author …

Example:

A.Cully, J. Clune, and D. M. Jean-Baptiste, “Robots that can adapt like animals,” Nature, vol. 521, no. 7553, May, 2015, doi: 10.1177/0278364915587925.

Six or More Authors

Basic Format:

A.B. Author et al. …

Example:

K. Lund et al., “Molecular robots guided by prescriptive landscapes,” Nature, vol. 465, no. 7295, May, 2010. [Online]. Available: http://tinyurl.com/w5zgyzk

"Citations" are used in the text of your paper to document the source of the quotation/paraphrase/idea you are using.

Citations, in IEEE, are provided with a number, in square brackets, that corresponds with a numbered citation in your reference list. Your first citation will be numbered [1] with subsequent citations following in numerical order ... [2], [3], [4] etc. If you cite a source more than once, use the same number that you used for the first citation of that source.

In IEEE, in-text citations can be treated as a footnote.

Examples:

1. According to Brown [1], ….

2. … as mentioned previously [2].

3. Jones [3] and Smith [4] both argue that …

In-text citations can also be treated as nouns.

Examples:

1. According to [1] …

2. [2] argues that …

More examples of in-text citations for IEEE can be found on the University of Victoria's (Melbourne, Australia) library website.

Description: After completing this module, you will be able to:

  • explain why it is important to document sources
  • describe different types of commonly used citation styles
  • know how to construct and use citations in your own work.

Completion time: 30-40 minutes

Copy link: http://niagaracollege-ca.libwizard.com/f/ieeestyle

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